海水饲养、器材常见英文缩写与中译

A

AC=Activated Carbon(活性碳)

AC=Alternating Current (水流)

ALK=Alkalinity, measure of buffering capacity of water (碱性,度量水的缓冲能力)

B

BOD=Biological oxygen demand (生物需氧量)

C

Ca=Calcium (钙)

CaCl2=Calcium chloride (氯化钙)

CaCO3=Calcium carbonate (碳酸钙)

Ca(OH)2=Calcium hydroxide (氢氧化钙)

CC=Counter current(when referring to skimmers) (反向水流(用在蛋白除沫器时))

CC= Crushed Coral(especially here on these forums) (碎珊瑚)

Cl=Chlorine (氯)

CO2=Carbon dioxide (二氧化碳)

CO3=Carbonate (碳酸盐)

CTA=Cellulose triacetate, type of RO membrane (三醋酸纤维素, 一种逆渗透膜)

Cu=Copper (铜)

CYANO=Cyanobacteria (蓝绿藻)

D

DD=Downdraft, type of protein skimmer (一种水流从上往下的蛋白器)

DI=Deionisation, type of water purification (一种水纯化剂)

DIY=Do it yourself (自己做)

dKH=Degrees of carbonate hardness, measure of alkalinity (碳酸根硬度)

DO=Dissolved oxygen (溶氧)

DOC=Dissolved organic compound (溶态有机物)

DSB=Deep sand bed (深砂床)

F

Fe=Iron (铁)

FO=Fish only, type of marine aquarium (FO缸,只养鱼的缸)

FOWLR=Fish only with Live Rock, type of reef aquarium (FO加活石缸,只养鱼但置入活石的缸)

FW=Freshwater (淡水)

G

GAC=Granular Activated Carbon (粒状活性碳)

GAL=Gallon (加仑)

GBR=Great Barrier Reef (大堡礁)

GPH=Gallons per hour (加仑/小时)

H

HCO3=Hydrogen carbonate (碳酸氢根)

HO=High output fluorescent light (高输出FL灯(萤光灯))

I

I=Iodide (碘)

I2=Iodine 碘分子

IO3=Iodate (碘酸盐)

IR=Infrared, type of light with longer wavelength than visible light 红外线

K

KALK=Kalkwasser, German for calcium hydroxide solution or limewater 钙水,氢氧化钙溶液(德文)

KI=Potassium iodide 碘化钾


L

LFS=Local fish store 本地鱼店

LHS=Local hardware store 本地硬件器材店

LPH=Litres per hour 公升/小时

LPS=Large polyped Scleractinian (stoney) coral 大水螅体珊瑚

LR=Live rock 活石

LS=Live Sand 活砂

LT=Litre 公升

M

MEQ/L=Milli-equivalents per litre, measure of alkalinity 毫当量/公升 (碱度单位)

Mg=Magnesium 镁

MG/L=Milligrams per litre 毫克/公升

MH=Metal halide, lighting 金属卤素灯

MO=Mail order 邮购

N

Na=Sodium 钠

NaCO3=Sodium carbonate 碳酸钠

NaOH=Sodium hydroxide 氢氧化钠

NH3=Ammonia 氨

NH4=Ammonium 铵 (氨盐基)

NNR=Natural nitrate reduction, reef setup technique 自然硝酸盐消除法

NO=Normal output fluorescent light 一般输出萤光灯

NO2=NitrIte 亚硝酸盐

NO3=NitrAte 硝酸盐

NSW=Natural seawater 天然海水

O

O2=Oxygen 氧

ORP=Oxidative redox potential 氧化还原电位

P

PC=Power compact, high intensity fluorescent light 高强度萤光灯

pH=Measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions, equal to -log[H+], (7 acidic, =7 neutral,)7 basic 酸碱度

PH=Powerhead, water circulator 沉水马达

PO4=Phosphate 磷酸盐

PPM=Parts per million, equivalent to mg/l (milligrams per litre) (百万分之一=ppm=mg/L)

PVC=Poly vinyl chloride, used for piping/plumbing (PVC) 聚氯乙烯

R

RO=Reverse osmosis, type of water purification (RO, 逆渗透)

RO/DI=Reverse osmosis, followed by deionisation, type of water purification (逆渗透+去离子)

RTN=Rapid tissue necrosis (快速组织坏死)

RUGF=Reverse flow undergravel filter (底砂过滤水逆流)

S

SAL=Salinity (盐度)

SG=Specific gravity (比重)

SHO=Super high output fluorescent light, equivalent to power compact fluorescent 高亮度荧光灯能量相当于全光谱、高显色灯管或天光灯管

Si=Silicon (硅)

SiO2=Silicon dioxide (二氧化硅)

SPS=Small polyped Scleractinian (stoney) coral 小水螅体珊瑚

Sr=Strontium 锶

SW=Saltwater/seawater 海水

T

TDS= Total Dissolved Solids 完全溶解固体

TFC=Thin film composite, type of RO membrane 薄层合成物,一种RO用膜

U

UGF=Under gravel filter 底质过滤

UV=Ultra violet, type of light, shorter wavelength than visible light 紫外光

V

VHO=Very high output fluorescent light 高输出萤光灯

W

W=Watts 瓦特